War as a Driver in Tuberculosis Evolution

by Michelle Ziegler Russia has been all over the news lately. Beyond our recent election, increased Russian activity on the world stage has public health consequences for Europe and farther afield. It has been known for a long time that post-Soviet Russia had and continues to have serious public health problems. One of their particular... Continue Reading →

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Japanese Use of Plague during World War II

I've been reading Sheldon Harris' Factories of Death: Japanese Biological Warfare, 1932-1945, and the American Cover-up. (Rev. ed, 2002), considered the definitive book on biological warfare in the Pacific theater during WWII. My primary interest is in Japanese research and use of plague in their biological warfare program.  Since this blog is, in part, a... Continue Reading →

Hunting Pathogens in Siberian Permafrost Graves

The Yakut community of Eastern Siberia has gained some attention from anthropologists because it culturally stands out from other Siberian populations. Their Turkic language, unique burial practices, and horse-breeding culture is not native to Siberia. Recent genetic analysis of 58 bodies preserved in permafrost from the last five centuries and 166 current members of the... Continue Reading →

Epidemiology of the Russian flu, 1889-1890

In an effort to extend the data set for influenza pandemic planning, Valleron, Cori, Meurisse, Carrat, and Boëlle gathered data from 15 countries in the northern hemisphere that experienced the 'Russian flu' pandemic in the winter of 1889-1890. The pandemic was first recorded in St. Petersburg, Russia. Within a mere four months it had spread... Continue Reading →

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