This image has been used here at Contagions in various cropped versions as the header and avatar for several years now. I found a couple more related illustrations that are worth sharing and put the illustration in better context. This is an emergency tent hospital erected to handle the epidemic of 1897. It certainly looks different from the outside as you can see below.
Based on the date of this newspaper header (12 Jan 1897), this must be illustrations of a lesser known epidemic in 1896-1897 that occurred between the pandemic of 1890 (Russian flu) and that of 1900.
Another view of the scene in the usual header here.